State of Tennessee
The Tennessee area was explored by the Spanish in the mid-16th century, and by the English and French at the end of the 17th century. In the early 1770s, dozens of families from Virginia and North Carolina settled in the valleys of the Houston, Watauga and Nolichucky rivers.
After the war of American Independence, the settlers of the Eastern part organized the state of Franklin, in 1784; Six years later, the United States government reorganized this area, which it gave the name off the Southern Territory of the Ohio River. In 1796, Tennessee was integrated as a state in the Union.
Oak Ridge was the place where the atomic bomb was developed.
In April 1968, Martin Luther King, leader of the movement for the defense of civil rights and racial equality, was murdered in the city During World War II, Oak Ridge was chosen as a laboratory of the Department of National Energy, one of the main places of the elaboration of the Manhattan project. Tennessee celebrated its bicentennial in 1996 by opening a new state park (Bicentennial Mall) under Capitol Hill in Nashville.
It is bordered to the north by the states of Kentucky and Virginia, to the east by North Carolina, to the south by [Georgia], Alabama and Mississippi, and to the west by Arkansas and Missouri. The Mississippi River marks its western limit. Among the important cities of the state, Memphis and Nashville-Davidson, the capital, stand out.