North Carolina borders Tennessee to the west, south with South Carolina, southwest with Georgia, north with Virginia and east with the Atlantic Ocean.
The coastal plain is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, which maintains mild temperatures in winter and moderate temperatures in summer. In summer, the maximum temperature on the coast averages less than 32 ° C. In winter, the coast enjoys the mildest temperatures in the state, with daytime temperatures that rarely fall below 5 ° C. On the coast it snows about three days a year, with years without snow.
The Atlantic Ocean exerts less influence on the Piedmont region and, as a result, its summers are hotter and winters colder than those on the coast. In Piedmont, the maximum daytime temperature in summer normally averages 32 ° C. While it is not common for temperatures in North Carolina to exceed 37 ° C, when it happens, the highest temperatures are recorded in the lower areas of Piedmont, especially around the city of Fayetteville.
In 1795, North Carolina opened the first public university in the United States – the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. More than 200 years later, the University of North Carolina encompasses 16 public universities, including the two largest: North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There are also several universities historically known as North Carolina A&T State University, Winston-Salem State University and North Carolina Central University. In addition to public universities, North Carolina has 58 public colleges.