Ecuador’s name comes from the Equator, which divides it unequally, putting most of the country in the Southern Hemisphere. It may be the smallest Andean country, but it has four distinct and contrasting regions. The Costa, or coastal plain, grows enough bananas to make the country the world’s largest exporter of the fruit. The Sierra, or Andean uplands, offers productive farmland. Oil from the Orient, jungles east of the Andes, enriches the economy. The Galápagos Islands, volcanic islands 960 kilometers west of Ecuador, bring tourism revenue with its unique reptiles, birds, and plants.

The country is divided ethnically as well as regionally. About 10 percent of the population is of European descent, about a quarter belong to indigenous cultures, and the rest are of mostly mixed ethnicity. Those of Spanish descent often are engaged in administration and land ownership in Quito and the surrounding Andean uplands; this is also where most of the indigenous people live—many are subsistence farmers.

As a result, land-tenure reform is an explosive issue. The city of Guayaquil dominates the coastal plain, largely populated by mestizos. Guayaquil—the country’s largest city, major port, and leading commercial center—is a rival to Quito. This is the wealthiest part of Ecuador, and complaints that tax revenues are squandered in the capital are common.

Regional and ethnic issues contribute to political instability for Ecuador’s democracy.

Industry: Petroleum, food processing, textiles, metal work
Agriculture: Bananas, coffee, cacao, rice; cattle; balsa wood; fish
Exports: Petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cacao

Ecuador is a country straddling the equator on South America’s west coast. Its diverse landscape encompasses Amazon jungle, Andean highlands and the wildlife-rich Galápagos Islands. In the Andean foothills at an elevation of 2,850m, Quito, the capital, is known for its largely intact Spanish colonial center, with decorated 16th- and 17th-century palaces and churches including the ornate Compañía de Jesús cathedral.

Population: 15.74 million (2013) World Bank
Capital: Quito; 1,451,000
Area: 283,560 square kilometers (109,483 square miles)
Language: Spanish, Quechua
Religion: Roman Catholic
Life Expectancy: 71
GDP per Capita: U.S. $3,200
Literacy Percent: 93
Currency: United States Dollar
Population: 15.74 million (2013) World Bank
Country Code: +593
President: Lenin V. Moreno Garcés


Learning about Georgia begins with understanding the profile of the people who live here — and the perspectives of those who live outside the state.

Georgia’s demographic profile reveals a citizenry that is highly diverse and well educated—with ample evidence that Georgians are enterprising and inventive.

Georgia’s great geographical location with its access to four major U.S interstate highways, as well as its extensive rail system, make the state of Georgia an unbeatable logistical starting point both domestically and internationally. 80 percent of the U.S can be accessed within a two-day drive from Georgia. International export is also improved via the two deep-water seaports in Savannah georgia-mapand Brunswick, which can serve all major ocean carriers and export goods to 153 out of the 195 countries around the world.

Georgia is home to 16 Fortune 500 headquarters much thanks to its business-friendly climate. This environment enables companies to start or expand a profitable business with smaller risks.

The State of Georgia’s key industries include Aerospace, Automotive, Information Technology (IT) and Life Science, among many more.

Metro Atlanta’s increasing population, smart tax incentives, and great climate (resulting in a long travel season), combined with the top-ranked airport and highway system in the nation, and makes Georgia a natural place to start a business.

Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport situated in Atlanta is the world’s busiest passenger airport, with non-stop flights to 89 international cities in 55 countries around the globe.

Georgia prides itself on being a diverse state with one of the nation’s most diverse populations. Georgia also has a greater variation of business owners compared to the national average. For example African Americans own 20.4 percent of business firms, which is triple to the national average. The amount of women-owned firms also exceeds the national percentage.

Resource: www.georgia.org