State of Alabama
The name of Alabama comes from an ancient tribe called Alibamu, a name that they also used for the Alabama River which in the language of the Native Americans Choctaw means “thickener cleaner.”
It is known as the “State of the Woodpecker” (“Yellowhammer State”), for a term applied to its confederation troops. In addition, it’s nicknamed the “Heart of the Southern States” (“Heart of Dixie”) and the “State of Camellia” (“Camellia State”).
Montgomery, on the banks of the Alabama River, is its capital. The largest and most important cities are Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa, Hoover, Dothan, Decatur, Gadsden and Auburn.
It is located in the southeast of the USA. It borders to the north with the state of Tennessee, to the south with Florida and the Gulf of Mexico, to the east with Georgia and to the west with the state of Mississippi.
Alabama has no natural lakes, but engineers have built dams on the Tennessee River in several of its bends to create large reserves and recreational lakes. Among them Lake Gunterville, Wheeler, Lewis Smith and Weiss.